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Magnet Buyers Guide


Magnets are essential components in various industries, including manufacturing, electronics, healthcare, and more. This guide will help you understand the different types of magnets, their properties, applications, and what to consider when purchasing them.

Types of Magnets

  1. Permanent Magnets
    • Neodymium (NdFeB) Magnets
      • Properties: Strongest type of permanent magnet, high resistance to demagnetization, brittle, and prone to corrosion.
      • Applications: Motors, hard disk drives, headphones, MRI machines.
    • Samarium Cobalt (SmCo) Magnets
      • Properties: High temperature stability, corrosion-resistant, brittle.
      • Applications: Aerospace, military, high-performance motors.
    • Alnico Magnets
      • Properties: High temperature stability, less powerful than NdFeB and SmCo, excellent corrosion resistance.
      • Applications: Sensors, electric guitar pickups, microphones.
    • Ceramic (Ferrite) Magnets
      • Properties: Economical, good resistance to demagnetization, brittle.
      • Applications: Loudspeakers, magnetic separators, refrigerator magnets.
  2. Electromagnets
    • Properties: Magnetic field created by electric current, adjustable strength, requires power source.
    • Applications: Transformers, relays, magnetic lifting devices.
  3. Temporary Magnets
    • Properties: Only exhibit magnetic properties when in the presence of a magnetic field.
    • Applications: Not commonly used in industrial applications.

Key Considerations When Buying Magnets

  1. Magnetic Strength
    • Measured in terms of maximum energy product (MGOe). Higher values indicate stronger magnets.
    • Choose based on application requirements.
  2. Temperature Stability
    • Some magnets can lose their magnetic properties at high temperatures.
    • Consider the operating temperature of your application.
  3. Size and Shape
    • Magnets come in various shapes (disc, ring, block, etc.) and sizes.
    • Select based on the space constraints and design requirements of your application.
  4. Coating and Material
    • Coatings (nickel, epoxy, gold) protect against corrosion.
    • Material choice depends on the environment (e.g., moisture, chemicals).
  5. Cost
    • Permanent magnets vary in cost, with NdFeB being the most expensive.
    • Balance cost with performance requirements.
  6. Supplier Reliability
    • Ensure the supplier is reputable and provides quality certifications.
    • Look for consistent supply chains, especially for critical applications.

Applications and Industry-Specific Requirements

  1. Manufacturing
    • Motors and Generators: High strength, temperature stability.
    • Assembly Lines: Electromagnets for lifting and sorting.
  2. Electronics
    • Speakers and Headphones: NdFeB magnets for high performance.
    • Hard Drives: Precise, small-sized magnets with strong fields.
  3. Healthcare
    • MRI Machines: Strong, stable magnets like NdFeB or SmCo.
    • Medical Devices: Biocompatible coatings, corrosion resistance.
  4. Automotive
    • Electric Vehicles: High performance and efficiency, usually NdFeB.
    • Sensors: Temperature stable, reliable performance.

Purchasing Tips

  1. Bulk Purchasing
    • Consider bulk buying for cost savings if your application requires a large number of magnets.
  2. Custom Magnets
    • Some suppliers offer custom shapes and sizes to fit specific applications.
  3. Quality Assurance
    • Request samples and quality certifications.
    • Ensure the magnets meet industry standards.


Selecting the right magnet requires understanding your specific application needs and the properties of different types of magnets. This guide should provide a solid foundation for making informed purchasing decisions. Always consider the strength, stability, size, coating, and reliability of the supplier to ensure you get the best magnet for your requirements.

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